The misconception that digital assets are anonymous leads attackers to believe that cryptocurrencies can be openly used for tax evasion and illegal transactions. However, this is incorrect, since all transfers and participants in the process are tracked.
Anonymity of money transfers is provided by programs called bitcoin mixers. These are resources in the blockchain network that significantly complicate cryptocurrency transactions and ideally make them untraceable. Transactions are broken into smaller fragments and shuffled between the addresses of wallet owners. But for some transactions, as soon as the recipient receives the required amount.
Bitcoins are a convenient means of payment. With the help of these coins, P2P transfers are guaranteed to be carried out quickly. Payments are unknown to financial authorities, and transactions are not carried out through the bank’s accounting register. At the same time, a decentralized network stores information about all transactions, but it cannot be associated with a specific person. Analyzing this data, it is possible to trace the chain of money transfers and identify the first and last owner.
The role of legislation in regulating crypto mixing services
In addition, Сrypto mixing are also used for payments on the black market, including on the darknet.
However, anonymization of money transfers does not necessarily lead to illegal activities. There are legitimate reasons to hide the use of cryptocurrencies:
Unwillingness of some users to disclose information about the existence of their assets.
Ensuring that attackers cannot track the transactions of the legitimate owners of the digital currency.
Protection of personal data.
Preventing the theft of assets by fraudsters.
The principle of operation.
The work of the program for shuffling digital assets is based on the principles of separation and mixing. The total amount of the transfer is divided into smaller parts, the more parts, the more anonymous. They are mixed with parts of other transactions, forming a single whole. “Clean” coins are sent to the user. Such transactions are difficult to track.
The future of privacy in the era of crypto mixing
Anonymizing Bitcoin transactions may seem illegal. The legal regulation of cryptocurrencies varies from country to country, and there is no single approach. Some countries accept digital assets as a means of payment, while others prohibit them. Approaches to the definition of cryptocurrencies also differ. Some countries equate them with property, while others recognize them as legal tender.
There are such types of Bitcoin mixers on the Internet
Exploring the partnership between crypto mixing services and decentralized finance platforms
Centralized, they differ in the principle of operation, the level of confidentiality and the possibilities of application.
These include first-generation services for anonymizing transactions. The essence of the centralized mixing method is that users send their bitcoins, and another client receives cryptocurrency. The principle is simple: the more users there are, the higher anonymity the mixer can provide.
The service stores cryptocurrency on the balance sheet and mixes it with the user’s assets.
Some programs use additional methods to anonymize transfers:
The service fee is distributed randomly. This makes it difficult to track money transfers over and above the fixed mixing fee.
Deferred money transfers. Users receive “clean” coins a few hours or even days after contacting the service. Such transactions are more difficult to track due to the time of writing to the blockchain.
Use multiple transactions – the cryptocurrency is divided into fractions and sent to users from different wallets.
Act as an alternative to centralized transaction mixing services. Peer-to-peer mixers are platforms that bring together BTC holders to create transactions. None of the participants knows anything about other users, mixing stages or bids. Transactions go through several stages of mixing before getting into the wallet. The order and number of coins are randomly selected.